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The 95 thesis of martin luther

Why did Martin Luther write "The Ninety-Five Theses?" Reference. (The debate never was held, because the theses were translated into German and distributed widely, creating an uproar.) What were indulgences? A The 95 Theses, also known as the "Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences," was a list of discussion topics that Martin Luther nailed to the d.

Which of Martin Luther's 95 theses do Catholics believe are in error. Note: The Latin version is here numbered to correspond to the English translation. Theologie Magistro eiusdeue ibidem lectore Ordinario. Quare petit, ut qui non possunt verbis presentes nobiscum disceptare agant id literis absentes. I read Martin Luther's 95 Theses for the first time, and was surprised by the tone. Catholics today would agree with the vast majority of Luther's 95 Theses. In fact.

Ninety-five Theses - pedia He was christened in the Roman Catholic Church, like everyone else in the Holy Roman Empire, which stretched through most of Europe at the time. The Ninety-five Theses or Disputation on the Power of Indulgences are a list of propositions for an academic disputation written in 1517 by Martin Luther, professor of moral theology at the University of Wittenberg. "The 95 Theses or Disputation for Clarifying the Power of Indulgences, 1517". In Wengert, Timothy J. The.

What are the 95 Theses of Martin Luther? - In the sacrament of penance, Christians confessed sins and found absolution for them. Answer The “95 Theses” were written in 1517 by a German priest and professor of theology named Martin Luther. His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst.

Reformation Day Did Martin Luther really nail 95 theses on the. Therefore he asks that those who cannot be present and dispute with him orally shall do so in their absence by letter. It was around two o'clock in the afternoon on the eve of the Day of All Saints, October 31, 1517, when Martin Luther, hammer in hand.

Martin Luther 95 Theses Full Text - Travel Germany NARRATOR: Martin Luther was born in 1483 in what is now Germany. Read the full text of the Martin Luther 95 Theses and a link to a summary.

Martin Luther's 95 Theses Out of love for the truth and from desire to elucidate it, the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology, and ordinary lecturer therein at Wittenberg, intends to defend the following statements and to dispute on them in that place. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, in saying, "Repent ye, etc.," intended that the whole life of his believers on earth should be a constant penance. And the word "penance" neither can, nor may, be understood as referring to the Sacrament of Penance, that is, to confession and atonement as exercised under the priest's ministry. Nevertheless He does not think of inward penance only: rather is inward penance wortess unless it produces various outward mortifications of the flesh. Therefore mortification continues as long as hatred of oneself continues, that is to say, true inward penance lasts until entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven. The Pope will not, and cannot, remit other punishments than those which he has imposed by his own decree or according to the canons. The Pope can forgive sins only in the sense, that he declares and confirms what may be forgiven of God; or that he doth it in those cases which he hath reserved to himself; be this contemned, the sin remains unremitted. God forgives none his sin without at the same time casting him penitent and humbled before the priest His vicar. The canons concerning penance are imposed only on the living; they ought not by any means, following the same canons, to be imposed on the dying. Therefore, the Holy Spirit, acting in the Pope, does well for us, when the latter in his decrees entirely removes the article of death and extreme necessity. Those priests act unreasonably and ill who reserve for Purgatory the penance imposed on the dying. This of changing canonical penalty into the penalty of Purgatory seems to have arisen when the bishops were asleep. In times of yore, canonical penalties were imposed, not after, but before, absolution, as tests of true repentance and affliction. The dying pay all penalties by their death, are already dead to the canons, and rhtly have exemption from them. Imperfect spiritual health or love in the dying person necessarily brings with it great fear; and the less this love is, the greater the fear it brings. This fear and horror - to say nothing of other things - are sufficient in themselves to produce the punishment of Purgatory, because they approximate to the horror of despair. Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven seem to differ as perfect despair, imperfect despair, and security of salvation differ. It seems as must in Purgatory love in the souls increase, as fear diminishes in them. It does not seem to be proved either by arguments or by the Holy Writ that they are outside the state of merit and demerit, or increase of love. This, too, seems not to be proved, that they are all sure and confident of their salvation, though we may be quite sure of it. Therefore the Pope, in speaking of the perfect remission of all punishments, does not mean that all penalties in general be forgiven, but only those imposed by himself. Therefore, those preachers of indulgences err who say that, by the Pope's indulgence, a man may be exempt from all punishments, and be saved. Yea, the Pope remits the souls in Purgatory no penalty which they, according to the canons, would have had to pay in this life. If to anybody complete remission of all penalties may be granted, it is certain that it is granted only to those most approaching perfection, that is, to very few. Therefore the multitude is misled by the boastful promise of the paid penalty, whereby no manner of distinction is made. The same power that the Pope has over Purgatory, such has also every bishop in his diocese, and every curate in his parish. The Pope acts most rhtly in granting remission to souls, not by the power of the keys - which in Purgatory he does not possess - but by way of intercession. They preach vanity who say that the soul flies out of Purgatory as soon as the money thrown into the chest rattles. What is sure, is, that as soon as the penny rattles in the chest, gain and avarice are on the way of increase; but the intercession of the church depends only on the will of God Himself. And who knows, too, whether all those souls in Purgatory wish to be redeemed, as it is said to have happened with St. Peter's be sold thereto - to those from whom the preachers of indulgences do most extort money. It is a vain and false thing to hope to be saved through indulgences, though the commissary - nay, the Pope himself - was to pledge his own soul therefore. Those who, on account of a sermon concerning indulgences in one church, condemn the word of God to silence in the others, are enemies of Christ and of the Pope. Wrong is done to the word of God if one in the same sermon spends as much or more time on indulgences as on the word of the Gospel. The opinion of the Pope cannot be otherwise than this:- If an indulgence - which is the lowest thing - be celebrated with one bell, one procession and ceremonies, then the Gospel - which is the hhest thing - must be celebrated with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, and a hundred ceremonies. The treasures of the Church, whence the Pope grants his dispensation are neither sufficiently named nor known among the community of Christ. It is manifest that they are not temporal treasures, for the latter are not lhtly spent, but rather gathered by many of the preachers. Nor are they the merits of Christ and of the saints, for these, without the Pope's aid, work always grace to the inner man, cross, death, and hell to the other man. The 95 Theses. Die 95 Thesen. Out of love for the truth and from desire to elucidate it, the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology.

The 95 Theses - a modern translation - History Learning Site Nobody is sure of having repented sincerely enough; much less can he be sure of having received perfect remission of sins. Seldom even as he who has sincere repentance, is he who really gains indulgence; that is to say, most seldom to be found. On the way to eternal damnation are they and their teachers, who believe that they are sure of their salvation through indulgences. Beware well of those who say, the Pope's pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to God. For the forgiveness contained in these pardons has reference only to the penalties of sacramental atonement which were appointed by men. He preaches like a heathen who teaches that those who will deliver souls out of Purgatory or buy indulgences do not need repentance and contrition. Every Christian who feels sincere repentance and woe on account of his sins, has perfect remission of pain and guilt even without letters of indulgence. Every true Christian, be he still alive or already dead, partaketh in all benefits of Christ and of the Church given him by God, even without letters of indulgence. Yet is the Pope's absolution and dispensation by no means to be contemned, since it is, as I have said, a declaration of the Divine Absolution. It is exceedingly difficult, even for the most subtle theologists, to praise at the same time before the people the great wealth of indulgence and the truth of utter contrition. True repentance and contrition seek and love punishment; while rich indulgence absolves from it, and causes men to hate it, or at least gives them occasion to do so. The Pope's indulgence ought to be proclaimed with all precaution, lest the people should mistakenly believe it of more value than all other works of charity. Christians should be taught, it is not the Pope's opinion that the buying of indulgence is in any way comparable to works of charity. Christians should be taught, he who gives to the poor, or lends to a needy man, does better than buying indulgence. For, by the exercise of charity, charity increases and man grows better, while by means of indulgence, he does not become better, but only freer from punishment. Christians should be taught, he who sees his nehbor in distress, and, nevertheless, buys indulgence, is not partaking in the Pope's pardons, but in the anger of God. Christians should be taught, unless they are rich enough, it is their duty to keep what is necessary for the use of their households, and by no means to throw it away on indulgences. Christians should be taught, the buying of indulgences is optional and not commanded. Christians should be taught, the Pope, in selling pardons, has more want and more desire of a devout prayer for himself than of the money. Christians should be taught, the Pope's pardons are useful as far as one does not put confidence in them, but on the contrary most dangerous, if through them one loses the fear of God. Christians should be taught, if the Pope knew the ways and doings of the preachers of indulgences, he would prefer that St. Peter, if he were now Pope, could show no greater mercies, is blasphemy against St. Sin will always remain until we enter Heaven. 5. The pope must act according to canon law. 6. Only God can forgive -the pope can only reassure people that.

Martin Luther and the 95 Theses on the Power and Efficacy of. Because love grows by works of love, and man becomes better; but by pardons man does not grow better, only more free from penalty. Peter's church should go to ashes, than that it should be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep. Christians are to be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of St. grants indulgences, are not sufficiently named or known among the people of Christ. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not pour out such treasures so easily, but only gather them. Nor are they the merits of Christ and the Saints, for even without the pope, these always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outward man. For it is clear that for the remission of penalties and of reserved cases, the power of the pope is of itself sufficient. The true treasure of the Church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of God. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the first to be last. On the other hand, the treasure of indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to be first. Therefore the treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly were wont to fish for men of riches. The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the "greatest graces" are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain. Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of God and the piety of the Cross. Bishops and curates are bound to admit the commissaries of apostolic pardons, with all reverence. But still more are they bound to strain all their eyes and attend with all their ears, lest these men preach their own dreams instead of the commission of the pope. He who speaks against the truth of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and accursed! But he who guards against the lust and license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed! The pope justly thunders against those who, by any art, contrive the injury of the traffic in pardons. But much more does he intend to thunder against those who use the pretext of pardons to contrive the injury of holy love and truth. To think the papal pardons so great that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the Mother of God -- this is madness. We say, on the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers? Again: -- "What is it that the pope remits, and what participation does he grant to those who, by perfect contrition, have a rht to full remission and participation? Again: -- "What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does once, and bestow on every believer these remissions and participations? "Since the pope, by his pardons, seeks the salvation of souls rather than money, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted heretofore, since these have equal efficacy? To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the Church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. If, therefore, pardons were preached according to the spirit and mind of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; nay, they would not exist. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, "Peace, peace," and there is no peace! Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, "Cross, cross," and there is no cross! Christians are to be exhorted that they be dilent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell; 95. NARRATOR Martin Luther was born in 1483 in what is now Germany. He was christened in the Roman Catholic Church, like everyone else in the Holy Roman.

Theses - Luther - ICLnet Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. Whereas he remits to souls in purgatory no penalty which, according to the canons, they would have had to pay in this life. If it is at all possible to grant to any one the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission can be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to the very fewest. It must needs be, therefore, that the greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and hhsounding promise of release from penalty. The power which the pope has, in a general way, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in a special way, within his own diocese or parish. The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by way of intercession. They preach man who say that so soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory]. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone. Who knows whether all the souls in purgatory wish to be bought out of it, as in the legend of Sts. For these "graces of pardon" concern only the penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man. They preach no Christian doctrine who teach that contrition is not necessary in those who intend to buy souls out of purgatory or to buy confessionalia. Every truly repentant Christian has a rht to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is granted him by God, even without letters of pardon. Nevertheless, the remission and participation [in the blessings of the Church] which are granted by the pope are in no way to be despised, for they are, as I have said, the declaration of divine remission. It is most difficult, even for the very keenest theologians, at one and the same time to commend to the people the abundance of pardons and [the need of] true contrition. True contrition seeks and loves penalties, but liberal pardons only relax penalties and cause them to be hated, or at least, furnish an occasion [for hating them]. Apostolic pardons are to be preached with caution, lest the people may falsely think them preferable to other good works of love. Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the buying of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy. Christians are to be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons; 44. Christians are to be taught that he who sees a man in need, and passes him by, and gives [his money] for pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indnation of God. Christians are to be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep back what is necessary for their own families, and by no means to squander it on pardons. Christians are to be taught that the buying of pardons is a matter of free will, and not of commandment. Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting pardons, needs, and therefore desires, their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring. Christians are to be taught that the pope's pardons are useful, if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if through them they lose their fear of God. Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. The assurance of salvation by letters of pardon is vain, even though the commissary, nay, even though the pope himself, were to stake his soul upon it. They are enemies of Christ and of the pope, who bid the Word of God be altogether silent in some Churches, in order that pardons may be preached in others. Injury is done the Word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on pardons than on this Word. It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the Gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. The "treasures of the Church," out of which the pope. Lawrence said that the treasures of the Church were the Church's poor, but he spoke according to the usage of the word in his own time. Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church, given by Christ's merit, are that treasure; 61. Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against St. Again: -- "Why are mortuary and anniversary masses for the dead continued, and why does he not return or permit the withdrawal of the endowments founded on their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for the redeemed? Again: -- "What is this new piety of God and the pope, that for money they allow a man who is impious and their enemy to buy out of purgatory the pious soul of a friend of God, and do not rather, because of that pious and beloved soul's own need, free it for pure love's sake? Again: -- "Why are the penitential canons long since in actual fact and through disuse abrogated and dead, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in force? Again: -- "Why does not the pope, whose wealth is to-day greater than the riches of the richest, build just this one church of St. Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences by Dr. Martin Luther 1517 Published in Works of Martin Luther Adolph Spaeth, L. D.

Theses - Luther - Internet Christian Library Peter's Minster should be burnt to ashes, rather than that it should be built up of the skin, flesh, and bones of his lambs. Christians should be taught, the Pope, as it is his bounden duty to do, is indeed also willing to give of his own money - and should St. Lawrence ed the poor of the community the treasures of the community and of the Church, but he understood the word according to the use in his time. We affirm without pertness that the keys of the Church, bestowed through the merit of Christ, are this treasure. For it is clear that the Pope's power is sufficient for the remission of penalties and forgiveness in the reserved cases. The rht and true treasure of the Church is the most Holy Gospel of the glory and grace of God. This treasure, however, is deservedly most hateful, for it makes the first to be last. While the treasure of indulgence is deservedly most agreeable, for it makes the last to be first. Therefore, the treasures of the Gospel are nets, with which, in times of yore, one fished for the men of Mammon. But the treasures of indulgence are nets, with which now-a-days one fishes for the Mammon of men. Those indulgences, which the preachers proclaim to be great mercies, are indeed great mercies, forasmuch as they promote gain. And yet they are of the smallest compared to the grace of God and to the devotion of the Cross. Bishops and curates ought to mark with eyes and ears, that the commissaries of apostolical (that is, Popish) pardons are received with all reverence. But they ought still more to mark with eyes and ears, that these commissaries do not preach their own fancies instead of what the Pope has commanded. He who speaks against the truth of apostolical pardons, be anathema and cursed. But blessed be he who is on his guard against the preacher's of pardons naughty and impudent words. As the Pope justly disgraces and excommunicates those who use any kind of contrivance to do damage to the traffic in indulgences. Much more it is his intention to disgrace and excommunicate those who, under the pretext of indulgences, use contrivance to do damage to holy love and truth. To think that the Popish pardons have power to absolve a man even if - to utter an impossibility - he had violated the Mother of God, is madness. We assert on the contrary that the Popish pardon cannot take away the least of daily sins, as regards the guilt of it. An English translation of the theses of Martin Luther.


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